Climate Security > Illegal Gold Mining in the Amazon


is the number of active and inactive illegal mines mapped in the 9 states that comprise the Brazilian Amazon Basin.

source: Rede Amazônica de Informações Socioambientais

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Illegal exploration of gold in the Amazon has caused the destruction of the forest and lives, mostly amongst indigenous populations. Corruption, deforestation, violence, contamination of rivers are advancing in the forest region. The connections between garimpagem and security are the main focus of the article “Illegal gold that undermines forest and lives in the Amazon”, produced by Igarape Institute.
“The preservation of the Amazon forest is adamant in order to avoid an irreversible climate collapse. In this sense, the need to prevent illegal mining and to protect indigenous land in the Amazon more urgent than never.
was the net contribution of of mining activity to deforestation rates in indigenous territories as a whole, up from 4% in 2017.
source: Deter


is the amount in environmental damages
caused by the illegal mining of 1 kg of gold,
according to Public Prosecutors Office.

The Guidance note on combating environmental crime: Lessons from fighting illegal gold in the Amazon Basin lists 12 measures already in place that can be valuable for law enforcement, criminal justice and environmental protection authorities to learn from each other, cooperate and coordinate activities within and across countries.

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