Researchers’ manifesto in support of the Disarmament Statute

rsz_manifestoBrazilian society:

We are researchers from public and private universities and research institutions across Brazil and around the world. Our goal is to highlight the scientific evidence associated with the Disarmament Statute. Studies on the relationships between the Statute and lethal violence are available in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and doctoral theses, a sample of which is listed in the Annex. Among other things, these studies refute the hypothesis that “more guns in circulation cause a reduction in lethal gun violence.”

The preparation of a manifesto to preserve the Disarmament Statute comes at an important moment. A Special Committee of the Brazilian House of Representatives is deliberating over Bill 3722/12 which seeks to revoke the Disarmament Statute. The Bill would reduce the minimum age for buying firearms from 25 to 21. Among other things, it would authorize individuals under police investigation or facing criminal charges to own and carry firearms, including those being prosecuted for murder.

We have a moral duty to inform the public about the findings of rigourous scientific studies that demonstrate the outcomes of the Disarmament Statute. As professional scholars, we are committed to fostering serious and objective debate. Unfortunately, some politicians in the House render life and death decisions without consulting scientific evidence. The relaxation of existing firearms regulation legislation will almost certainly lead to more deaths and greater insecurity in Brazil.

There is popular support for Bill 3722/12 owing to the considerable sense of insecurity among many Brazilians. Some believe that access to firearms could improve their personal and family safety. It is important to recall that violence is a complex phenomenon. A wide range of variables shapes its prevalence, including inter alia income and social inequality, unemployment, education, institutional impunity, and funding for public security.

Research undertaken by international and Brazilian academics demonstrates that the number of weapons in circulation is strongly associated with higher rates of lethal gun violence. When controlling for the abovementioned variables, scientific studies detect robust statistical relationships between the increased access and circulation of firearms and increases in firearm-related homicide. These findings are confirmed in Brazil and other countries.

It is important that Brazilian society be aware of the available evidence linking increased circulation of firearms with more gun violence. Misguided and ineffective policy emerges in Brazil and other countries when laws are formed without resort to scientific knowledge. Representatives of Congress would do well to consider the available evidence, including the sample of scientific studies cited in the Annex, before they decide to expand ownership and possession of firearms in Brazil.

Brasília, Brazil – September 21, 2016

Signatories:

  1. Alba Zaluar (PhD in Anthropology, professor at the Institute for Social and Political Studies of the State University of Rio de Janeiro)
  2. Ana Lúcia Kassouf  (PhD in Economics, professor at the University of São Paulo)
  3. André Zanetic (PhD in Political Science, researcher at Center for Studies on Violence of the University of São Paulo)
  4. Antonio Rangel Bandeira (MA in Political Science, consultant to the “Viva  Rio”)
  5. Arturo Alvarado (PhD in Social Sciences, professor at the El Colegio de México)
  6. Arthur Trindade  Maranhão  Costa (PhD in Sociology, professor at the University of Brasília)
  7. Bruno Langeani (Bachelor in Law, coordinator of Justice and Public Safety Systems of the “Sou da Paz” Institute)
  8. Cláudio Beato (PhD in Social Sciences, director of Center for Studies on Crime of the Federal University of Minas Gerais )
  9. Cristiano Aguiar de Oliveira (PhD in Economics, professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande)
  10. sar Barreira (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Federal University of Ceará, and director of the Violence Studies Laboratory )
  11. Dalva Maria Borges de L. D. de Souza (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Federal University of Goiás, and researcher at Center of Criminality and Violence Studies )
  12. Daniel Ricardo de Castro Cerqueira (PhD in Economics, researcher at Institute for Applied Economic Research)
  13. Danilo Santa Cruz Coelho (PhD in Economics, researcher at Institute for Applied Economic Research)
  14. David Hemenway (PhD in Economics, professor at the Harvard School of Public Health, and director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center – United States )
  15. Doriam Borges (PhD in Sociology, professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro)
  16. Edinilsa Ramos de Souza (PhD in Public Health, researcher of Latin American Center of Studies on Violence and Health, National School of Public Health – Oswaldo Cruz Foundation)
  17. Edward Laurance ( PhD in International Relations, professor and Gordon Paul Smith Chair in Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey – United States)
  18. Eduardo Pazinato (PhD student in Public Policy, coordinator at the Center for Citizen Security at the Law Faculty of Santa Maria, and director of strategic projects at the Fidedigna Institute)
  19. Felippe Angeli (MA in Political Science, institutional relations advisor to the “Sou da Paz” Institute)
  20. Felippe De Rosa (MA in International Relations, Institute of International Relations of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
  21. Giácomo Balbinotto  Neto (PhD in Economics, professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul )
  22. Glaucio Ary Dillon Soares (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Institute for Social and Political Studies of the State University of Rio de Janeiro)
  23. Gustavo Oliveira Vieira (PhD in Law, professor at the Federal University for Latin American Integration)
  24. Ignacio Cano (PhD in Sociology, professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro, and director of the Violence Analysis Laboratory )
  25. Ivan Marques (MA in International Relations, Master in Human Rights, executive director of the“Sou da Paz” Institute)
  26. Jacqueline Sinhoretto (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Federal University of S˜ao Carlos)
  27. João Manoel  Pinho  de  Mello (PhD in Economics, Professor at Insper Institute of Education and Research)
  28. Jony Arrais Pinto Junior (PhD in Statistics, professor at the Federal University Fluminense)
  1. José Luiz  Ratton (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Federal University of Pernambuco)
  2. Joviana Quintes Avanci (PhD in Sciences, researcher of the National School of Public Health – Oswaldo Cruz Foundation
  3. Julita Lemgruber (MA in Sociology, coordinator of the Center for Security and Citizenship Studies )
  4. Julio Jacobo Waiselftsz (MA in Educational Planning, coordinator of the Violence Study Programme at the Latin American College of Social Sciences )
  5. Kai Michael Kenkel (PhD in International Relations, professor Institute of International Relations of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro)
  6. Khatchik DerGhougassian (PhD in International Studies, professor at the University of San Andr´es – Argentina)
  7. Liana de Paula (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Federal University of S˜ao Paulo)
  8. Luciana Maria de  Aragão  Ballestrin (PhD in Political Science, professor at the Federal University of Pelotas )
  9. Ludmila Mendonça  Lopes  Ribeiro (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais )
  10. Luiz Eduardo B. de M. Soares (PhD in Sociology, professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro)
  11. Luiz Flávio  Sapori (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais )
  12. Luiz Guilherme Scorzafave (PhD in Economics, professor at the University of S˜ao Paulo)
  13. Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira (PhD in nursing, professor at the University of Fortaleza)
  14. Marcelo Fernandes (PhD in Management, professor at the São Paulo School of Economics of the Getu´lio Vargas Foundation, and Queen Mary University of London)
  15. Marcelo Justus (PhD in Economics, professor in the Institute of Economics at the University of Campinas, São Paulo)
  16. Maria Cecılia de  Souza Minayo (PhD in Public Health, researcher of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz )
  17. Maria Fernanda Tourinho  Peres (PhD in Public Health, professor at the University of São Paulo)
  18. Maria Luiza Carvalho de Lima (PhD in Public Health, researcher of the Laboratory of Studies on Violence and Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation/Recife)
  19. Pery Francisco  Shikida (PhD in Economics, professor at the Western Paraná State University )
  20. Philip Alpers (Adjunct Associate Professor, Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney).
  21. Renato rgio de  Lima (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Business Administration School of São Paulo of the Getulio Vargas Foundation at the Getúlio Vargas Foundation, and vice president of the Brazilian Forum on Public Safety )
  22. Robert Muggah (PhD in International Development, Economics and Political Science; research director at the Igarapé Institute, and former research director of the Small Arms Survey in Geneva)
  23. Robson Sávio  Reis  Souza (PhD in Social Sciences, coordinator coordinator at the Center for socio-political studies of the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais )
  24. Rodrigo Ghiringhelli de Azevedo (PhD in Sociology, professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul )
  25. Rodrigo Reis Soares (PhD in Economics, professor at the São Paulo School of Economics of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation)
  26. rgio Adorno (PhD in Sociology, professor and coordinator at the Center for Studies on Violence of the University of São Paulo)
  27. Sergio Salomão Shecaira (PhD in Criminal Law, professor at the Law School of the University of São Paulo)
  28. Tulio Kahn (PhD in Political Science, researcher and consultant for public safety )
  29. Vilma Pinheiro Gawryszewski (PhD in Public Health, Advisor for Health Information and Analysis of Pan American Health Organization)

 

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