The think-and-do-tank, Igarapé Institute, designed an open source Android application called CopCast – turning smartphones into police body-worn cameras. The technology was developed from 2013 to 2016, in partnership with Google’s Jigsaw, an incubator within Alphabet that builds technology to tackle some of the world’s toughest global security challenges.
The Human Rights Watch strongly supports Igarapé Institute’s Smart Policing solution. In a 2016 report, the world’s premier human rights organization recommended that the Rio de Janeiro state government “implement the Smart Policing Project throughout the state” and “implement protocols and operating procedures for use of body worn cameras that promote transparency while also protecting privacy.”
CopCast consists of an Android application for officer-held smartphones and a web-based dashboard application for police supervisors. The application tracks and stores video, audio and GPS coordinates of police officers while they are on patrol. Supervisors may visualize real-time data from their desktops or tablets on a user-friendly dashboard for monitoring and oversight purposes.
By developing and piloting the CopCast app, the Smart Policing project has three basic goals. First, it intends to enhance oversight over the police and prevent and reduce corruption and the excessive use of force. Second, it is intended to also improve the protection of officers from false accusations and provide an additional layer of protection for patrolling officers. Third, it is designed to improve police interaction with communities. There is evidence that the use of body cameras can positively improve police-community interaction as well contribute to reductions in police excessive use of force.
The Smart Policing project was implemented between 2013 and 2016 in Brazil and South Africa. Since its inception, the initiative has generated (i) published diagnostics and best practices recommendations; (ii) the development and piloting of the CopCast Android app; (iii) extensive media coverage; and (iv) extensive pilots in Rio, Cape Town and Johannesburg. The Igarapé Institute was also awarded a New Digital Age grant from the chairman of Google for its technology innovation.
Between 2017 and 2018, the Igarapé Institute, together with researchers from PUC University in Rio de Janeiro and the University of Chicago, will implement randomized experiments to scientifically assess the impact of this new technology with the Santa Catarina Military Police in Santa Catarina, Brazil; and the City of Jersey City Police Department, In the state of New Jersey, United States.